Today is the solemnity of Saints Peter and Paul. It is an important day in the life of the Church, especially in the Diocese of Rome. The two great apostles, Peter and Paul gave the final witness to their faith in Rome. According to a long standing tradition, Peter was crucified upside down. Paul, being a Roman citizen, escaped crucifixion and instead was punished by hanging. On this solemnity, the Pope confers the pallium on new archbishops. Three of those who received the pallium are Americans, namely Archbishop Wenski of Miami, Archbishop Schnurr of Cincinnatti, and Archbishop Listecki of Milwaukee.
The pallium is a symbol of jurisdiction. It is a white narrow band of wool adorned with black crosses. (However, the current Pope wears one with red crosses.) It is worn by the pope everywhere he celebrates Mass. However, when archbishops wear it, they only wear it within their archdiocese and in the diocese which are part of their province. The Archbishop of Seoul, Nicholas Cardinal Cheong Jin-suk, may wear the pallium in the Archdiocese of Seoul as well as in the Dioceses of Chuncheon, Daejeon, Incheon, Suwon, and Uijeongbu. He may not wear it in dioceses belonging to the Province of Daegu, or indeed in any other diocese outside of his province.
Here is a short video of this year’s conferral of the pallium on the new archbishops. To the Pope and to all the new archbishops, I wish ad multos annos!